|Born|| ca. 1948|
|Cause of death||Execution by firing squad|
|Penalty||Sentenced to death|
|Date|| November 17, 1980|
|Location(s)||Handan, People's Republic of China|
|Weapon(s)|| Light machine gun |
Wang Xiwen (Chinese: 王锡文) was a Chinese police officer who killed seven people and wounded twelve others in Handan, People's Republic of China on November 17, 1980, before being arrested. He was sentenced to death in a public trial on June 10, 1981 and executed immediately afterwards.
Wang, a Han Chinese, was a policeman at the Sucao (苏曹) police station of the Handan municipal public security subbureau, and was promoted to brigade militia company commander and vice chairman of the brigade revolutionary committee. He was said to have become resentful when he lost the latter position, because he and his wife Hao Jinfang (郝金芳) did not adhere to the family planning policy.
Wang, who was also a member of the Communist Party of China, was a follower of Lin Biao and the Gang of Four, advocated their policies and criticized the leaders of the Communist Party after the third plenum of the Central Committee in 1978.
In the evening of November 17, 1980, just days before the upcoming trials of the members of the Gang of Four, Wang broke into the office of deputy director Song Tiefa (宋铁法) and director Li Qingsheng (李庆生), pried open a drawer and stole a pistol, 25 rounds of ammunition, ¥200, and 300 pounds of ration stamps. The 32-year-old policeman then destroyed a ceramics bust of Mao Zedong, as well as portraits of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and Zhu De by firing eleven rounds.
Subsequently Wang broke into the armory of the second brigade in the north of Handan, where he armed himself with a light machine gun, eight rifles, 28 hand grenades, and a total of 2700 rounds of ammuntion. For the next six hours he paced through the streets of Handan, shooting people and throwing grenades, and repeatedly returned to the armory in between to restock his arms supply. When he was finally arrested Wang had spent 460 rounds and detonated 26 grenades, leaving six people dead at the scene, one more fatally wounded, and twelve others injured, five of them seriously. He had also killed two pigs and damaged two television sets, as well as a transformer.
Among those killed were:
- Guo Huimin (郭会民), temporary worker
- Guo Qingxuan (郭清选), member of Sucao second brigade
- Li Fushan (李付善), factory worker
- Li Liuzhu (李留柱), captain of Sucao second brigade
- Lu Yingkui (路英奎), miner
Trial and executionEdit
After the investigation of the crime by the Handan City Public Security Bureau was completed the case was transferred to the Handan Prefectural Intermediate People's Court on January 13, 1981. Prosecution began on January 21, but due to insufficient evidence the case was returned to the Handan Procuratorate on February 20.
After an additional investigation the case was again transferred to the Handan Prefectural Intermediate People's Court on March 26, and on April 9, 1981 Wang was sentenced to death for counterrevolutionary activities and deprived of his political rights for life. Wang filed an appeal against the verdict, claiming that he had been insane at the time, and so the case was transferred to the Hebei Provincial Higher People's Court on April 21, which sent Wang to a psychiatric hospital in Baoding for examination, where he was eventually found to be legally sane. On May 9 the judicial committee decided to maintain Wang's conviction, and on May 13 the case was transferred to the Supreme People's Court to review the verdict, which was approved on May 26.
The conviction was thus upheld by the Handan Prefectural Intermediate People's Court, as well as the Handan Municipal People's Court in a public trial at the Handan Municipal Stadium on June 10. Immediately after his appeal was dismissed Wang was blindfolded, bound to a pole and executed by a firing squad in front of a crowd of 50,000 people.
- ↑ China Executes Killer of Seven, The New York Times (June 14, 1981)
- ↑ Shao Chuan Leng & Hungdah Chiu: Criminal Justice in Post-Mao China: Analysis and Documents; SUNY Press, 1985. (p. 146) ISBN 9781438410500
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 法律常识资料及案例选; 测绘出版社, 1986. (p. 285/86)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 United States Foreign Broadcast Information Service: Daily Report: People's Republic of China, Iss. 115-125; National Technical Information Service, 1981.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 河北省地方志编纂委员会: 河北省志: 审判志; 河北人民出版社. (pp. 192-194)
- ↑ The Asia Letter, Issues 810-914; 1980.