Iich'aa (Navajo for "moth craziness") is an epileptiform, psychosomatic illness found among the Navajo people, characterised by nervousness, loss of self-control, convulsions, self-destructive behaviour, and fits of violence and rage, and often accompanied by the believe that parts of the body are shrinking. The condition, which is sometimes compared to amok, is associated by the Navajo with violating the taboo against incest and is supposedly caused by the growth of a moth in the cranial cavity. The affected is cured in a ceremony called the "Mothway", in which he vomits to get rid of the creature.
- Levy, Jerrold: Hand Trembling, Frenzy Witchcraft, and Moth Madness: A Study of Navajo Seizure Disorders; University of Arizona Press, 1995. ISBN 9780816515721
- ↑ Simons, Ronald C. & Hughes, Charles D.: Culture-bound syndromes, in Gaw, Albert (ed.): Culture, Ethnicity, and Mental Illness; American Psychiatric Pub, 1993. ISBN 9780880483599
- ↑ Sandner, Donald: Navaho Symbols of Healing: A Jungian Exploration of Ritual, Image, and Medicine; Healing Arts Press, 1991. ISBN 9780892814343
- ↑ Juan, Stephen: The Odd Brain: Mysteries of Our Weird and Wonderful Brains Explained; Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2011. (p. 218) ISBN 9781449411404
- ↑ McKellar, Peter: Experience and behaviour; Penguin, 1968. (pp. 327/28)
- ↑ Kaplan, Harold I. (et al.): Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry, III, Vol. 1; Williams & Wilkins, 1980. (p. 494) ISBN 9780683033571
- ↑ Rymland, Lizbeth: Strange Evolutionary Flowers; Spuyten Duyvil, 2007. (p. 88) ISBN 9781933132211